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The Omega Constellation collection, introduced in 1952, quickly established itself as a symbol of precision and elegance. Among the most coveted versions are the rare white gold models from the 1950s and 1960s. These timepieces are particularly notable for their exquisite craftsmanship, limited production, and distinct historical significance. This article delves into the history, production, and current market trends of these exceptional watches.

Historical Context and Design

The Constellation line was created following the success of the 1948 Omega Centenary, the brand’s first automatic chronometer watch. The initial Constellation models featured the iconic pie-pan dials, characterized by a twelve-sided design that slopes down toward the edges, reminiscent of an inverted pie pan. These early models also boasted bumper rotor automatic movements, specifically calibers 351, 352, and 354, which gave them a unique feel on the wrist.

Vintage Omega Constellation 18k gold with arrowhead markers 2652SC from 1952 product laying

Yellow gold Constellation 2652

White Gold Variants

White gold Constellation watches from this era are particularly rare. These models were often custom-made or produced in very limited quantities, making them highly desirable among collectors. The use of white gold added an element of understated luxury compared to the more common yellow gold and stainless steel variants. These watches were sometimes adorned with diamond-shaped hour markers and dauphine hands, contributing to their elegant and timeless design.

Vintage Omega Constellation in 18k White Gold with White Pie-Pan Dial products photo

White gold Constellation 14381 we sold 

Production and Availability

White gold Constellation watches were not part of the standard catalog offerings and were often special commissioned pieces or limited editions. Because of this, exact production numbers are not well-documented, but they are known to be exceedingly rare. The Grand Luxe models, in particular, are among the most sought after, featuring white gold cases and bracelets, and sometimes even cloisonné enamel dials produced by the renowned Stern Freres.

Notable Features

All Constellation models from this period were chronometer-rated, ensuring top-notch accuracy. The case backs of these watches typically featured the Observatory of Geneva medallion with eight stars, symbolizing Omega’s record achievements in chronometry. The dials often included luxurious finishes such as satin-brushed or sunburst patterns, and some featured onyx inlays in the hour markers.

Pricing and Value Comparison

The auction prices for white gold Omega Constellation watches have shown a consistent upward trend in recent years. This trend is illustrated in the graph below, which compares the average auction prices of white gold and yellow gold Omega Constellation watches from 2018 to 2023. This graph displays all white gold Constellation watches so also quartz and ladies watches. Some watches are way more valuable, like the White gold/Sapphire set Constellation 168.005 that fetched 41k EUR in May 2024 (link).

median auction prices of white gold omega constellation models

Median auction price development in recent years (2018-2023)

White Gold Average Prices:

– 2018: €5,500
– 2019: €5,800
– 2020: €6,200
– 2021: €6,400
– 2022: €6,700
– 2023: €7,000

Yellow Gold Average Prices:

– 2018: €3,500
– 2019: €3,700
– 2020: €4,000
– 2021: €4,200
– 2022: €4,500
– 2023: €4,700

The data indicates that white gold Constellation watches consistently command higher prices compared to yellow gold models, reflecting their rarity and desirability among collectors.

Historical Prices in Catalogues

Finding specific historical catalog prices for white gold Omega Constellation watches from the 1950s and 1960s can be challenging due to the limited availability of such data. However, based on auction records and collector insights, it is evident that white gold models were significantly more expensive than their yellow gold counterparts during their initial release.

Estimated Historical Prices:

– 1950s and 1960s Yellow Gold Omega Constellation: Approximately $300 – $500 (which would translate to around €5500 at historical exchange rates).
– 1950s and 1960s White Gold Omega Constellation: Approximately $500 – $750 (around €8500 at historical exchange rates).

These historical prices reflect the premium associated with white gold, even during the mid-20th century. Adjusted for inflation, these values underscore the significant appreciation in value that these timepieces have experienced over the decades.

old catalogue omega constellation yellow gold


old catalogue omega constellation yellow gold 2 pieces


Collectibility and Legacy

The rarity and historical importance of white gold Constellation watches from the 1950s and 1960s make them highly valuable today. Collectors prize these timepieces not only for their beauty and precision but also for their connection to Omega’s storied past in watchmaking excellence. Vintage models, particularly those in pristine condition or with original documentation, command significant prices on the secondary market.


White gold Omega Constellation watches from the 1950s and 1960s represent a pinnacle of mid-20th century watchmaking. Their limited production, luxurious materials, and timeless design make them a cherished addition to any serious watch collection. As a testament to Omega’s legacy of precision and elegance, these timepieces continue to captivate collectors and horology enthusiasts around the world.

We are proud to be able to offer white gold Constellations at VintageMasters!